Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Reading On Grade Level: First Grade

According to an article about students reading on grade level, from, the author stated that parents should understand if their kids reading at grade level. The questions were asked, are your kids reading at grade level? Are there any gaps in their phonics or comprehension? Since learning to read is a long and complex process, some students hit college only to discover their skills aren't where they should be.
How do you know if your children are on track? Our grade-by-grade guidelines give you all the details you need to assess their aptitude.

Independent readers
First-graders are just beginning to become independent readers, learning strategies to decode unknown words. By re-reading stories, first-graders can increase their reading speed and comprehension of the material. In first grade, students should also learn about the variety of purposes for reading — for pleasure, for research, or for practical reasons like getting directions from a sign.

Books and print
First-graders should be exposed to many different kinds of reading materials — including fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and songs, materials that help foster a lifelong love of reading, while immersing your child in the rhythms of language. You can also expect first-graders to be able to identify the title, author and illustrator of a book. They should be able to recognize the parts of a book, like the cover, title page, and table of contents, and recognize that sentences begin with capital letters and end with punctuation.

The letter-sound relationship
First-graders will get practice working with letters and their sounds, learning how to decode new words by applying the letter-sound relationship for single letters, pairs of letters, such as sh or er, and short and long vowel patterns, including the ever-intriguing silent e. Children might sort objects and pictures using their knowledge of sounds and practice blending sounds together to make words, perhaps by playing a game to blend s-a-t to make the word sat. They'll practice breaking words into separate sounds, say, breaking hop into h-o-p and will replace sounds in words by a variety of methods; they might substitute the s in sat with c to make cat. Many teachers help kids study syllables by having them clap at each syllable. First-graders read books that include the letter-sound relationship they are learning as well as frequently used words that they have been taught.

Reading for meaning
Children in first grade are just beginning to find meaning in what they read; you can expect them to recognize the sequence of events in a story, understand cause and effect, and anticipate possible outcomes for an ending. First-graders should learn to retell familiar stories, summarizing the main ideas and plot and identifying the characters and settings.

Reading aloud
Listening to books read aloud gives first-graders models of fluent reading and helps them develop a positive attitude toward books. It also helps them understand vocabulary and language patterns in texts. Books read aloud are often discussed before, during, and after the reading to increase involvement and understanding.

Shared reading
Expect first-graders to participate in shared reading, or storytime. Some teachers use an oversized book with words the whole class can see. Kids can get actively engaged in the reading experience and teachers often pause, teaching vocabulary, reading skills, or encouraging the students to predict what might come next. Classes often read a book several times over the course of a few days.

Guided reading groups
Children in first grade often take part in guided reading, where teachers interact with small groups of students as they read. The teacher will introduce reading strategies, tailoring the instruction to the needs of students. As students read, teachers provide support as needed. "At all grade levels, teachers should use flexible grouping rather than fixed reading groups," says reading specialist Jennifer Thompson. "This allows each child to progress when ready, in developmentally appropriate material."

By the end of first grade, you can expect your kids to:
Name and recognize all the letters of the alphabet in order

Identify beginning, middle, and ending sounds

Take the initiative by using reading and writing strategies (re-reading, predicting, questioning, making connections) to overcome obstacles with comprehension

Read and retell familiar stories

Read out loud with reasonable fluency

Use letter-sound associations, word parts, and context to identify new words

Identify short vowel and long vowel sounds

Match consonant sounds to their appropriate letters

Recognize and produce rhyming words

Read simple one- and two-syllable words, like cat

Read high-frequency words such as was and the

Recognize that words are separated by spaces

Read aloud first-grade books with accuracy and understanding

Begin to read aloud with expression and pausing at appropriate spots in the text

Use two-letter consonant blends to decode and spell single-syllable words such as sh and bl

Use word patterns to decode unfamiliar words

Identify characters, setting and events of a story

Recommended books
Reading Magic: Why Reading Aloud to Our Children Will Change Their Lives Forever, by Mem Fox (Harvest Books, 2001).
The Read Aloud Handbook, by Jim Trelease (Penguin, 5th edition, 2001).
Read to Me 2000: Raising Kids Who Love to Read, by Bernice E. Cullinan (Cartwheel, 2000).

To read more about reading on grade level go to


About This Blog

This weblog seeks primarily to be a resource to parents and their children facilitating, "Empowerment & Personal Responsibility through Education."

This weblog is an extension of BestEducationPossible-theCommunity an online community dedicated to Parents and their efforts to empower their children through Education.

How to get the Best Education Possible for Your Child

How to get the Best Education Possible for Your Child
Click Picture to Buy It Now!

Blogger templates made by

Back to TOP